• Anisometropia

Anisometropia is when there is a significant difference in prescription between the 2 eyes which we call anisometropia. It is nothing to worry about as with glasses we can correct this to relax any stress upon your eyes because of this.

  • Cataract

A cataract is the clouding of the lens inside your eye, as a result less light passes to the retina at the back of your eye causing reduced vision. It is nothing to worry about as it’s an age related change and will happen to most people.

Management

If you are a smoker or steroid user I would like you to try and stop. Wear a broad brimmed hat when outside in the sun, read with your back to the window, use task lighting to help you see better when reading, wear UV protected glasses and keep your glasses up to date.

  • AMD - Age related Macula Degeneration

AMD it is a condition that affects the macular region at the back of the eye. The macular region is responsible for central vision and when this becomes affected it becomes harder to read and recognise people’s faces. It only affects central vision and your peripheral vision will be unaffected so you will be able to keep your independence.

There are 2 forms of AMD, a dry form and a wet form.

The dry form occurs in majority of cases and gradually affects your central vision over many years whereas the wet form is a sudden deterioration of central vision and a lot more serious.

Management

if you are a smoker I would like you to stop, reduce alcohol intake, have a healthy diet, maintain a healthy body weight, use good lighting and magnifiers to help you read better and keep your glasses up to date.

  • Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a series of eye conditions that affect the optic nerve at the back of the eye most often in association with high eye pressure. As a result vision can be affected and certain treatment may be required to manage the condition. It is more common in people from an African descent, older people, people with family history of glaucoma and females.

  • Squint

A squint is an occasional or constant turn of the eye. What usually happens is that the two eyes don’t point in the same direction. Since the child is young It is recommend the use of glasses all the time as there is time for vision to be improved and prevent a lazy eye from developing.

Also I will refer your child so he can be assessed at the hospital and they may issue other treatment.

  • Amblyopia

Amblyopia also known as lazy eye is one in which the vision is reduced in one eye quite significantly compared to the other eye.

Glasses don’t usually help that much and patching the good eye maybe required to enable the weaker eye to work harder and hopefully improve vision.

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